Arthur J. Villasanta – Fourth Estate Contributor
Arlington, VA, United States (4E) – The U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has launched a project to develop “Third Wave” artificial intelligence (AI) systems that overcomes the limitations of existing machine learning and rule-based AI tools.
This ambitious and potentially game-changing project is named ASKE or the Automating Scientific Knowledge Extraction. It will eventually lead to the development of an AI tool that can automatically generate, test and refine its own scientific hypotheses.
ASKE is the first research program under DARPA’s newly launched Artificial Intelligence Exploration (AIE) program that aims to develop next-generation Third Wave AI applications.
The goal of ASKE is to establish the feasibility of new AI concepts and do it fast, within 18 months of award. This faster tempo will help DARPA outpace efforts at global AI science and technology discovery, especially by competitor nations such as Russia and China.
ASKE will develop an AI system that can rapidly aggregate scientific data over a number of complex physical, biological and social systems, and automatically identify new data and information resources.
The AI system to be developed by ASKE will extract useful information by interpreting and exposing scientific knowledge and underlying assumptions in existing computational models. Among the useful information that can be derived are causal relationships, correlations and parameters. This information will then be integrated into a machine-curated model that generates more robust hypotheses.
DARPA wants a system that automatically verifies published scientific results and can monitor “fragile economic, political, social and environmental systems undergoing complex events,” in real-time. DARPA believes advanced AI techniques such as “natural language processing, knowledge-based reasoning, machine learning, and/or human-machine collaboration” are needed to make such a system viable.
By essentially automating the steps of the scientific process, the DARPA tool will allow top decision-makers to take discoveries from the lab and rapidly apply them to the real world.
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